Metonymy Là Gì, Nghĩa Của Từ Metonymy Trong Tiếng Việt Examples Of Metonymy

Metonymy is the use of a linked term to lớn stvà in for an object or concept. You’ll find of metonymy used frequently in both literature and everyday speech. You might use it yourself without even realizing it.

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Sometimes metonymy is chosen because it’s a well-known characteristic of the concept. A famous example is, "The pen is mightier than the sword," from Edward Bulwer Lytton"s play Richelieu. This sentence has two metonyms:

"Pen" stands for "the written word.""Sword" stands for "military aggression."

Metonyms are members of the figurative sầu language family, so they serve as colorful ways khổng lồ take the ordinary & dress it up in something poetic or beautiful.


Purpose of Metonymy

As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of a metonymy is to lớn add flavor. Instead of saying, "These chicken wings, coleslaw, và green beans are delicious," you could say, “This dish is delicious.” Now, you’ve sầu avoided naming all the separate elements of the meal, breaking up some of the awkwardness và making the sentence more vibrant.

Metonymy, Synecdođậy và Metaphor

Cthảm bại relatives of metonymy are synecdobít & metaphors. In fact, some consider synecdobịt lớn be a type of metonymy. While metonymy replaces a concept or object entirely with a related term, synecdođậy takes an element of the object và uses it lớn refer to lớn the whole, & metaphor uses unlike things to draw an interesting comparison.

For example, the wheels are one part of a car. When people refer khổng lồ their car as their “wheels” that’s a synecdođậy. Another term for a oto is your “ride.” In this case, “ride” is a metonym because it’s a related word that replaces the term entirely. Do you see the difference?

While Metaphors replace the ordinary with the more fanciful, they don’t replace one word with another. Rather, they compare one thing lớn something else, in order to lớn make a point. For example, “My life is a trainwreông xã,” is a metaphor for, “My life is a horrible mess.” So, while “wheels” is more fanciful than “car,” “trainwreck” is also more fanciful than “horrible mess.”

Metonymy: a Stand-in for Other Words

Understanding the context of metonymy is important. Every time you hear the word “pen,” it’s not necessarily a stand-in for “the written word.” Sometimes, a pen is just a pen. Look for context clues in the sentence khổng lồ help you decide if the word is simply a word or a representation. The below include both the metonym and the possible object or concepts for which it could fill in and the example sentences will further enhance your appreciation and understanding of metonymy:

Crown - in place of a royal person

We will swear loyalty lớn the crown.

The White House or The Oval Office - used in place of the President or Nhà Trắng staff

The Nhà Trắng will be making an announcement around noon today.

Suits - in place of business people

If we don’t get these reports in today, the suits will be after us.

Heart - to lớn refer lớn love or emotion

My dear, you have all of my heart.

Dish - for an entire plate of food

That fancy fish dish you made was the best of the evening.

Washington - khổng lồ refer khổng lồ the US government

After the protests, maybe Washington will listen khổng lồ the voters.

The big house - to refer to lớn prison

My brother was just released from the big house.

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Silibé Valley - khổng lồ refer khổng lồ the tech industry

Silinhỏ Valley is constantly pushing the boundaries in innovation.

Hollywood - khổng lồ refer to lớn the film industry

It seems lượt thích people will do whatever Hollywood says is cool.

Ears - for giving attention, listening

Tell me about your first date. I’m all ears!

Silver fox - for an attractive older man

Your older neighbor is quite the silver fox.

Hand - for help

Can you give sầu me a hand carrying this box up the stairs?

Tongue - used in place of language.

I couldn’t understvà them because they spoke in their mother tongue.

Brass - used in place of high-ranking officials

Look lively, the top brass are coming for an audit today.

New blood - used in place of new people, fresh ideas

The team needs some new blood if its going lớn win next season.

Metonymy in Literature

As we’ve seen above sầu, metonymy is used lớn provide meaning & connections to lớn concepts. Writers often use it in this way, as well as khổng lồ be more poetic or simply khổng lồ make a long sentence more concise.

“I’m mighty glad Georgia waited ‘til after Christmas before it seceded.” Gone with the Wind, Margaret Mitchell

Scarlett O’Hara is referring to lớn the government and citizens of Georgia. By using “Georgia” instead of “Georgia’s government, politicians, & all the voting citizens” provides brevity & color.

“Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears.” Julius Ceasar, William Shakespeare

“Ears” represent the ability lớn listen. Indeed, Shakespeare is not asking for everyone lớn chop off their ears, but khổng lồ pay attention.

“O, for a draught of vintage!” Ode khổng lồ Nightingale, John Keats

You may need a few context clues here, but “vintage” is used as a metonym for “wine.”

“He said he reckoned a toàn thân could resize the ole man with a shotgun.” Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain

Mark Twain was a lover of figurative language. Many of his writings are wrapped in pretty illustrations. In this metonym, “body” is a replacement for “person.”

A Colorful Element

You know how we’re not supposed khổng lồ judge a book by its cover? By the same token, we shouldn’t judge unfamiliar words by their syllables. Metonymy allows us khổng lồ make a closely related substitute to lớn add interest. As long as that substitute makes a logical connection, feel không lấy phí lớn dress up your writing with these colorful elements. You may find yourself joining the ranks of Mark Twain or William Shakespeare someday!