Karuta là gì

A girl"s manga "Chihayufuru", written by manga writer Yuki Suetsugu, is based on the theme of "Competition Karuta". It was also animated and adapted into lớn a movie, with Suzu Hirose who starred in the movie has become a hot topic. For Japanese, "Karuta" is a game where Japanese gather and enjoy together with relatives và families during the New Year when they are young. At least half of the Japanese population have experienced playing Karuta, however more than half of them vì chưng not really know the history và rules of Karuta, as well as how khổng lồ enjoy playing it. In this article, we would lượt thích lớn thoroughly explain "Competition Karuta" to lớn you all!


What is "Competition Karuta"?


It is a competition that is played by using "Karuta" which is written in "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu". " Ogura Hyakunin Isshu " is a poem collection of 100 poets, which were selected by the poet Teika Fujiwara who was active sầu from the Heian period lớn the Kamakura period.

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In "Competition Karuta", the cards used are written with the "upper phrase" and "under phrase" of these 100 poems. After listening lớn the "upper phrase" which is read by the reader, the player needs lớn take the thẻ with the "lower phrase" as fast as possible, and the player who finishes their holding thẻ will be the winner.

Besides “Competition Karuta” which is played with poems of "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu", there are also "Iroha Karuta" which is played using "Iroha poems", and all of them are passed down until current generation, & are played on the New Year.

What is the history of "Competition Karuta"?


It is said that in 1904 (Meiji year 37), journacác mục Kuroiwa Ruiko executed the unification of game rules, etc. which have sầu been used in traditional competitions across nhật bản. After that, it was spreading throughout the country from Taisho lớn the early Showa era, & the "Japan Karuta Association" was established in the year 1948 (Showa 23rd) lớn manage the events. There are ranks such as "Competitive karuta master position Queen Position final”, "Nationwide selection karuta Competition", "Female National Competition Karuta Championship" which competing for the highest rank of competition Karulớn. The winner of the “Competitive sầu karuta master position Queen Position final” will be named as master/queen. “Competitive sầu karuta master position Queen Position final”matches are held at Ongươi Jidại dột, Shiga prefecture, và the final competition is aired on TV every year.

What is the flow & rules of "Competition Karuta"?

Female Championship (Pholớn provided by the Japan Karuta Association)

■ Flow of the Game

1) For the individual competition, the competition is played by one person lớn one person. Mix 100 cards of “Hyakunin Isshu” well with the words facing down, và select 25 thẻ for each player. These 25 cards are called "mocha-satsu" và placed on the player"s field. It is then divided into lớn three rows và arranged freely by the player. The field which is within the player"s own territory is called “Jijin” while the field of the opponent is called “tekijin”. The remaining 50 sheets are not used for competition.

2) The player will be given 15 minutes to memorize the cards of both your field “jijin” và the opponent’s field, “tekijin”.

3) At the start of the game, both player will pay respect to each other. Then, a poem which is not related khổng lồ “Hyakunin Isshu” is read at first, the competition starts from the second poem after this.

The players need lớn listen lớn the upper phrase that is read by the reader, if the card of the read one exists on the field, the player need khổng lồ touch the card first and this action is called "tori". If you piông xã up a thẻ from your own field, you managed lớn reduce the number of cards on your side. If you take the opponent’s field thẻ, you can pass one card of your filed khổng lồ your opponent’s field (Okuri-satsu). After repeating this, the player who finishes their cards first will be the winner. Also, there will be 50 poems which are not on either your field or the opponent’s field, và is called as "Karafuda".

■ Rules that you have sầu lớn know

1) In the case that there are no related card on the field but the player has wrongly touch the thẻ on field, it is called as “Otetsuki”. When your opponent has performed “Otetsuki”, you can sover one thẻ of your field to lớn your opponent’s field.

However, if the field you touch actually has correct card, no matter which card you touch on that field is not counted as “Otetsuki”.

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Cases of "Otetsuki"

・The thẻ is on your own field but you have touched the card on your opponent’s field.

・The thẻ is on your opponent’s field, however you have touched the card on your own field.

・The thẻ of the read poem is not on either field(Karafuda), but you have sầu touched a thẻ on the field.

2)The player is only allowed lớn use one hvà, & is not allowed to lớn use both hands throughout the entire game. You have sầu to lớn use the same hand which you used at the start of the game in this match.

3)You can move the layout of the cards freely if you informed the opponent before you move.

What are the tips to lớn win in "Competition Karuta"?

62nd Queen Final Competition (Photo provided by General nhật bản Karuta Association)

1)Rethành viên the upper phrase & the “Kimari-ji” of 100 poems for Hyakunin Isshu.

In order lớn get the thẻ quickly, it is important that you know the upper phrase of all the poems of “Hyakunin Isshu” và its “Kimari-ji”. A “Kimari-ji” is the letter which will help you lớn identify the answer after listening to lớn a few word of the upper phrase.

For example, a poem of "Chihayaburu Kamiyomokikazu Tatsutakaha (Upper Phrase) Karakurenanuni Midukukurutoha (Lower phrase).

Even though there are two phrases begining with "chi", since the head of both phrases are "Chigi", if you listen until "chiha" then you should be able to lớn find out the answer very quickly. These two letters are called "Kimari-ji". If you know "Kimari-ji", you can find out which lower phrase it is without having to listen lớn the whole sentence of the upper phrase, & you can get the card faster và correctly.

・Chigiriokishi Sasemogatsuyuwo Inochinite (upper phrase) Aharekotoshino Akimoinumeri (lower phrase)

・Chigirikimãng cầu Kataminisodewo Shiboritsutsu (upper phrase) Su wenomatsuyama Namikosajitoha (lower phrase)

2)Instantaneous power and concentration will help you find the card quickly after listening to lớn upper phrase!

Besides memorizing ability, you will need instantaneous power and quick reflexes khổng lồ play competition Karuta. The tốc độ of listening to the upper phrase, find out the lower phrase, find the actual card & piông chồng up are all very important. The time limit for each game is about 90 minutes. Concentration & endurance are also essential for this competition.